What Causes Functional Movement Disorder?

Functional Movement Disorder (FMD) is a condition that affects the way people move. Psychological stress, traumatic life events, or injuries can cause it. FMD can be treated with physical therapy, functional movements, and exercises like yoga and core strengthening, which can help to improve movement abilities.

Causes of FMD include:

Trauma and Injury

Traumatic events, such as car accidents or physical assaults, can trigger FMD symptoms in individuals predisposed to the disorder. The body's response to trauma and injury can trigger neurological symptoms such as tremors, jerks, or weakness. When trauma and injury occur, the balance between the mind and body is disrupted. This can lead to the brain losing control over certain movements. If someone has been in a car accident, they may develop tremors in their hands when trying to thread a needle or play a musical instrument. Functional movement reduces pain or injury and enhances your physical therapy sessions. 

Genetics and Environmental Factors

An interplay between genetics and environmental factors can cause FMD. Genetics plays a significant role in FMD susceptibility, with specific genes linked to the disorder's development. Environmental factors such as stress and trauma can also trigger symptoms. Infections can also play a role in FMD development, as they can trigger an autoimmune response that affects movement control. Stressful life events, like relationship problems and financial issues, have also been linked to the onset of FMD symptoms.

Psychological Factors

Stress, anxiety, and emotional trauma can contribute to the onset and severity of these movement disorders. These conditions can disrupt the communication between the brain and the body, leading to physical symptoms such as tremors, spasms, and tics. Depression and personality traits may also increase the risk of developing FMD. Cognitive behavioral therapy, stress management techniques, and relaxation therapies can improve symptoms.

Physical and Neurological Factors. 

These factors include traumatic brain injuries, infections, tumors, and stroke. Neurological changes in the brain can cause a loss of control over movement. The brain's ability to send messages to the body is disrupted, resulting in involuntary movements. Physical factors, such as muscle weakness or abnormal reflexes, can also contribute to the disorder. Treatment options usually involve a combination of physical therapy, medication, and psychotherapy.

Management of FMD

Physical therapy can improve balance, strengthen muscles, and increase flexibility. A trained therapist can work with patients to develop personalized plans for their needs. Core strengthening exercises can improve muscle coordination and strength in the core muscles. Patients can improve their posture, balance, and coordination by strengthening these muscles.

Functional movements can also aid in the management of FMD. These exercises mimic everyday movements and activities. These movements can help improve coordination, balance, and stability. By incorporating functional exercising into a patient's routine, they can develop a better sense of body awareness and control.

Yoga can improve flexibility, strength, and balance while reducing stress and anxiety. Yoga is also a low-impact form of exercise that can be easily modified for patients with different ability levels. Practicing yoga regularly, patients can develop a more profound sense of body awareness and learn to control their movements more effectively. Your therapist can also recommend an integrative approach. This approach combines different therapies to create a comprehensive plan that addresses all aspects of the patient's condition.

Start Functional Movement Sessions Today

Functional Movement Disorder is a condition that affects the way people move. Psychological stress, traumatic life events, or previous injuries can contribute to or worsen the disorder. Treatment for FMD can include physical therapy, cognitive therapy, and yoga. Functional movements and exercises like core strengthening can also improve muscle coordination and balance. Contact a functional movement specialist to help you develop a treatment plan that meets your needs.

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